Pantothenic acid, also known as Vitamin B5, is a water-soluble nutrient (like all B vitamins). It is ubiquitous in living organisms, found in cells in the form of coenzyme A which is vital in the functioning of numerous enzymes. Synthetic B5 (D-pantothenic acid) is commercially available in the form of calcium pantothenate and as dexpanthenol, which is used topically to treat skin disorders.
Pantothenic acid is available in a variety of foods — as indicated by its etymological root pantos meaning `everywhere.` The vitamin can be obtained from plant and animal sources alike.
In this model, carbon atoms are dark gray, hydrogen atoms are white, nitrogen atoms are blue, and oxygen atoms are red.
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